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We are working to have the website conform to the relevant standards of the Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards developed by the United States Access Board, as well as the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1. These standards and guidelines explain how to make web content more accessible for people with disabilities. We believe that conformance with these standards and guidelines will help make the website more user friendly for all people.

Our efforts are ongoing. While we strive to have the website adhere to these guidelines and standards, it is not always possible to do so in all areas of the website. If, at any time, you have specific questions or concerns about the accessibility of any particular webpage, please contact so that we may be of assistance.

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Newborn Crying

The first cries of a newborn baby are often music to the ears of parents. However, over the next weeks and months, this "music" can become grating and painful. This is especially true when all attempts fail to stop the crying.

Facts About Crying

  • Surprisingly, crying does not produce tears until after the first month or two.
  • Crying is the way babies communicate.
  • abies cry because of hunger, discomfort, frustration, fatigue and even loneliness.
  • Sometimes, cries can easily be answered with food or a diaper change.
  • Other times, it can be a mystery and crying stops as quickly as it begins.
You will soon learn differences in cries, from a cry of "I'm hungry" to "I've been overstimulated." It is important to respond to your baby's cries. Contrary to old wives' tales, young babies cannot be spoiled by being picked up when crying. Being held is reassuring and comforting when a baby cannot express him/herself any other way.

Some techniques to help console a crying baby include the following:
  • Take care of physical problems first – hunger, diaper change, burping, cooling, or warming the baby
  • Walk with baby in a sling or in a stroller
  • Rock your baby in a rhythmic, gentle motion
  • Try a baby swing or rocking cradle
  • Gently pat or stroke on the back or chest
  • Swaddling the baby
  • Go for a ride in the car
  • Turn on some white noise (such as a washing machine or vacuum cleaner)
  • Make "shushing" sounds for the baby
  • Offer a pacifier (or nurse)
No matter how frustrated you may become, NEVER SHAKE A BABY. This can cause severe injury to the baby's fragile brain. If you become angry or frustrated, allow someone else to take over for a while. If you are alone, put the baby down in a safe place, such as the crib, and go to another room for a few moments. This will give you time to collect yourself. Then you can return to your baby and try a different way to comfort your baby

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